Nagorno Karabakh: A Mother in the Minefields
From a distance, the three deminers all look the same – high boots, trousers with deep pockets, a special helmet, protective visor and gloves. Many locals in Nagorno Karabakh, a relatively traditional society, assume they are men. But these are women, and, like men, when they head into potential minefields, they are doing so to help their families survive.
“I’m doing it for my family, to provide my children with a safe and better future,” explains 38-year-old deminer Kristine Khachatryan, the married mother of three boys, ages six to 18.
For years after its conflict with Azerbaijani forces in the early 1990s, Nagorno Karabakh routinely posted 20 or more annual civilian casualties from landmines and unexploded ordnance. The Halo Trust, a British mine-clearing organization which has operated here for the last 18 years, now declares Karabakh is 90-percent mine-free, but the potential threat remains. Just this March, a mine explosion in the Martakert region took the lives of three deminers and wounded two deminers.
Taking on demining is no easy decision. But three years ago, when Halo Trust began to recruit its first women deminers, Khachatryan, a village-council accountant from Artashavi, 80 kilometers to the southwest of Karabakh’s main town, Stepanakert, decided to apply.
She did so “out of curiosity” – in 2013, two mine explosions near Artashavi had wounded several locals -- but also out of financial necessity. Khachatryan’s husband, Garik Ohanjanyan, a former school teacher, was unemployed. Work as a deminer, which pays 225,000 drams (about $464) a month and comes with insurance, roughly quadrupled her income.
Once certified, though, she did not expect to stay on the job for long. She accepted the post since the first demining field was close to Artashavi, within easy reach of her family.
“Of course, I was worried in the beginning,” she recounts, “but later I understood that there is no bad work. There are just bad people. And now I’m proud that I’m doing a big and important humanitarian job.”
The fact that she also was a pioneer never occurred to her.
“Before becoming a deminer, I never thought that this was a ‘man’s job’ or about how I should work in a man’s world,” Khachatryan continues. “You have completely different things on your mind when you enter a minefield,” such as routine daily matters or your family, she adds.
Halo Trust’s 11 female deminers work in three teams, each with a male lead. The organization intends to train women as team leaders and drivers, says project officer Anna Israelyan.
They spend Monday through Friday in the field. Getting to the field station, a rented house in a village or town, can take time on Karabakh’s rough roads – over two hours to travel 65 kilometers by taxi, for instance. Public transportation does not always exist.
Khachatryan’s day starts at 7am each Monday. Already dressed for fieldwork, she quickly checks her mine-clearance equipment and drinks a cup of tea or coffee while running out the door.
In her absence, her husband and sons -- 18-year-old Gor, 16-year-old Tigran and six-year-old Nairi -- have had to learn how to clean the house, cook, wash dishes and use the washing machine.
The boys still do not think that demining is appropriate work for a woman, but they are proud of their mother when she appears in news stories.
Khachatryan herself concedes that “I don’t always feel myself in harmony as a woman, as a mother and as a deminer.” She would like to organize her work so that she has more time for her family; particularly, her youngest son, who was just three when she began demining.
Nonetheless, she believes that “women are not inferior to men professionally.”
For some people, though, the mine explosion this March suggested that it was time to change her profession. Many friends and relatives began to phone and ask whether she would leave her work, Khachatryan says.
“Honestly speaking, I had no sense of fear entering a minefield after that accident,” she elaborates. “It was deeply painful to me as a human being and I had a sense of huge responsibility to continue the work of my friends.”
She intends to stay on the job.
June 2018, Identity Edition