War Knows No Gender: Georgia’s female soldiers

Author: Bacho Adamia


Nana Tskhadadze is no stranger to war.

The 44-year-old sergeant served as a doctor in Iraq and was on the front lines in Tskhinvali during the 2008 August war.  

But despite the doctor’s experience, for many Georgians, Tskhadadze’s gender makes her an unlikely soldier.

Gender stereotypes are strong in Georgia, where many parents still raise little boys to think they have to be strong and brave and little girls should be kind and caring.

A small minority of women, like Dr. Tskhadadze, are bucking those traditions, however.

Dr. Tskhadadze did not grow up dreaming of joining the military. As a young girl in the village of Sviri, in Georgia’s southern Samtskhe-Javakheti region, she dreamed of becoming a doctor.

After graduating from Tbilisi State Medical University, she worked as part of the school’s faculty for five years. Eventually, however, she decided to follow in the footsteps of her brother and cousins and join the military.  

In the beginning of her career, Dr. Tskhadadze served in the Kodjori Brigade as the head of the pharmacy, and then she worked as a military doctor for six years.  Eventually she was deployed to Iraq and, during the August 2008 was, she was sent to the frontline in Tskhinvali.

When she heard about her deployment, Dr. Tskhadadze felt she had more responsibility than her male colleagues.

"When they told us that the war had started, I began thinking about what could happen. I knew that, as a woman, I had more responsibility. In a war, anything is possible and I might be captured," she recalls, adding that her capture would be "shameful" for her family and the country.

In addition, unlike her male colleagues, Dr. Tskhadadze felt she had to hide her deployment from her parents, out of concern for their feelings. When she was sent to Tskhinvali, she told her parents she was stationed at Gudushauri Hospital in the capital.

Sergeant Tskhadadze bandages the arm of a soldier at Vaziani Base.
Major Manana Kurdadze and Sergeant Nana Tskhadadze recall their colleague Zurab Begiashvili, who died in the 2008 August war. Both women served as military doctors during the war.
Memories of the August 2008 war stir deep emotions for military doctors, who witnessed the death and suffering soldiers experienced on the frontline. “During a war, anything can happen. I could have been captured,” notes Dr. Nana Tskhadadze (left).
Dr. Nana Tskhadadze started as a civilian doctor but eventually joined the army, like her brother and cousins. She, and other women in the military, are challenging widely held gender stereotypes.

Even now, ten years later, she can still recall the sound of the bombs and the heat of the attack on the frontline.

Dr. Tskhadadze remembers picking up wounded soldiers as the doctors moved closer to the frontline. Soon they were under fire as well.  

“We followed the medical team. There were four of us – two men and two women. We had to defend ourselves because they [Russian troops] opened fired from a deserted house. We helped our soldiers,” she says.

The situation deteriorated once the Russians started firing from the air.

“It was a real hell in the city. They were shooting from everywhere. Soldiers arranged a defense line so we could reach the wounded. On the way back, we had to do the same for them and they helped us rescue the wounded,” Dr. Tskhadadze says, adding that the men were encouraged when they saw women on the frontline.  

As they were heading away from the fighting, there was an explosion in the forest, Dr. Tskhadadze recalls. She can remember the calls for help and how she grabbed her bag to help a soldier with a broken leg.

“I stopped the bleeding and called for others to bring the stretcher. Right then the sky went orange. A wave shook me and I saw soldiers flying through the air. I fell over,” she says.

When she came to, everything was quiet and she saw dead bodies around her.

“Everyone around me was dead. I didn’t want to get captured and I started looking for my gun. I could not feel my shoulder. I thought I would not be able to get out of the woods.”

At some point, however, she realized that Georgian soldiers were already on the scene to rescue them.

“They helped me. These scenes are etched in my memory,” she says.

Dr. Tskhadadze was taken to the Gori hospital with the other wounded soldiers. The trip to the hospital was the first time in her military career that she felt afraid, she says.

“I was seriously injured but what I had witnessed was even worse than the physical pain. Since I survived that, I understood that I must continue living. A year later, I put my uniform back on and returned to the army,” Dr. Tskhadadze says.

The pain from her wound keeps her up at night sometimes, she says, and she has to wake up early to prepare for work – to prepare, she says, “to serve our country.”

Manana Kurdadze believes that military service builds inner strength.
Dr. Manana Kurdadze, 53, is known as the mother of her brigade.
Major Manana Kurdadze measures a soldier’s blood pressure at Vaziani Base.
Major Manana Kurdadze stands with soldiers in front of the sick ward named in honor of Lieutenant Zurab Begiashvili. Begiashvili died during the 2008 war. Kurdadze served as a doctor during the war and her own son was injured in the fighting.
Manana Kurdadze is set to retire soon and she finds it difficult to imagine her life outside the military.

Dr. Manana Kurdadze, 53, a major in the army, has been defending Georgia for over two decades.

She is known as the “brigade’s mother” in her unit: for the soldiers, Dr. Kurdadze is not only a doctor but also a friend, someone they can consult when they have problems.

“When you are a doctor you have a big responsibility but the biggest responsibility is to defend the peace. Serving the soldiers and serving the peace brings me happiness. I thank God that I can help our military,” says Dr. Kurdadze.

Like Dr. Tskhadadze, Dr. Kurdadze gets emotional when she remembers the 2008 war.

“When the air attack began, my friends and I were expecting something horrible to happen. They say that in those moments, you see your whole life in front of your eyes but I didn’t see my life. I was just begging God for a miracle and for all of us to survive,” she recalls.

“When you witness war and see how people die, life becomes more valuable, love and friendships become more precious. I remember that I was hugging and kissing everyone when I returned home.”

Dr. Kurdadze, who has two children, says that her family’s support means a lot to her.

For Dr. Kurdadze, the scariest moment in the 2008 war was not when she was on the frontline; it was when she learned her own son had been injured in battle.

Dr. Kurdadze believes that women and mothers have a special role in maintaining peace.

“A female doctor or a nurse is a mother. A mother is always associated with peace. A woman may not have a child but she still has a motherly instinct. When you are a woman serving in the military, you are responsible for every soldier. I think that there should be more women in the military because soldiers need someone who can take care of them and women can do that.” 

Today, she is now facing a new challenge: retirement.

“I am 53 years old. In two years, I will leave the military. I often wonder what I will do when I do not need to go to work at six in the morning and I won’t see my girls and my soldiers. I don’t know how I will survive.”

October, 2018 The 'Peace-Builders'

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